Newborn puppies indeed require attentive care.
Here's a guide to ensure that they grow up healthily:
Newborn puppies cannot regulate their body temperatures as older dogs can. Ensure they are kept warm, but not overheated. Heating pads, heat lamps, or warm water bottles wrapped in towels can help, but make sure the puppy can move away if it gets too warm.
•If the mother is present and producing milk, let the puppy nurse on her. Puppies should nurse every 2 hours during the first week of life.
•If the mother is not present or not producing milk, feed the puppy a high-quality commercial milk replacer. Do not feed them cow or goat milk as it can cause diarrhea.
•Feed them using a bottle or syringe. Make sure to not introduce air into the puppy's stomach. Always hold the puppy in a horizontal position when feeding, not on its back.
Stimulation for elimination:
Puppies can't eliminate on their own for the first few weeks. After feeding, gently stimulate the puppy's genital and anal area using a warm, damp cotton ball or soft cloth. This will encourage them to urinate and defecate. This mimics the mother's tongue.
Check for Signs of Illness:
Regularly check for signs of distress or illness. Look for constant crying, difficulty breathing, refusal to eat, or any discharge. If you spot any of these signs, consult a vet immediately.
Regular Vet Check-ups:
Schedule regular vet visits to ensure that the puppies are growing well and to get them vaccinated.
Deworming & Vaccination:
At about 2-3 weeks old, puppies should start their deworming treatments. Vaccinations typically start at 6-8 weeks, but consult your veterinarian for a proper schedule.
Once they're a bit older (starting around 3 weeks), begin exposing them to various sounds, gentle handling, and different environments to make sure they grow up well-adjusted.
At around 3-4 weeks, puppies can start being introduced to soft, wet puppy food. Gradually decrease the amount of milk replacer as you increase the solid food to help with the transition. By 7-8 weeks, most puppies are fully weaned.
As they grow, early training can begin. Positive reinforcement and patience are key. Begin with simple commands and house training.
Remember, always observe the puppies and if you're ever in doubt about their health or well-being, consult a veterinarian.
Every puppy is different, and individual needs may vary.